Strategic Conflict Assessment of South-South Zone, Nigeria.
12 Sep 2003
Bassey, C.O., Ayara, N., Kichuru, W., and Garba, M.P.
This Report of SCA phase two in-country field work focuses on conflict development and responses (by state actors, the civil society and the international community) in the six states of the South-South geo-political zone of Nigeria (Cross River, Akwa Ibom, Rivers, Bayelsa, Delta and Edo). The aim of the study as stated in the IPCR brief is “to reduce conflicts by affecting policy, promote peaceful co-existence and create a development-friendly and secure environment for all Nigerians.” The three conflict clusters studied exhibit extremely high degree of disruptive potentials and collateral damages. These are the Cross River-Akwa Ibom border conflict, the Eleme-Okrika conflict in Rivers State and the protracted social conflict in Warri. The decision to concentrate on three conflict clusters was determined both by time limitation and the threshold of its violent spectrum. By focusing on the analysis of their structures (situation, behaviour, attitudes and perceptions in terms of their complex and multi-dimensional inter-relationship), responses and recommendations of relevant actors, it is hoped that conflict sensitive strategies and relevant mitigating programmes will be generated and implemented. This effort is in line with the initiatives of the conflict assessment strategies of the three key development agencies: USAID, DFID and FEWER.